Top Sudan general sees 'positive' signs coup sanctions will be lifted

Sudan's top general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan is pictured during an interview with AFP on December 4, 2021 in Khartoum. (Photo: AFP)
KHARTOUM  — Sudan's top general Abdel Fattah al-Burhan said Saturday there are "positive indicators" that measures taken against his country following an October military takeover could soon be lifted. اضافة اعلان

Burhan — Sudan's de facto leader since the ouster of president Omar al-Bashir in April 2019 — removed the civilian government and declared a state of emergency on October 25, upending a three-year transition to civilian rule. 
The power grab triggered a wave of international condemnation and several punitive measures, with the World Bank and the US freezing aid, a blow to a country already mired in economic crisis.

The African Union has also suspended Sudan's membership over what it termed the "unconstitutional" takeover.

The military's move triggered mass anti-coup protests which were met by a crackdown that killed at least 44 people, according to an independent union of medics. 

"The international community including the African Union is watching what will happen in the coming days," Burhan told AFP in an interview. 

"I believe there are positive indicators that things will return (to how they were) soon. The formation of a civilian government will put things back in order."
Burhan's interview with AFP was one of a series he gave to international media a day after UN chief Antonio Guterres, in a report to the Security Council, called Sudan hostile to journalists.

On November 21, Burhan signed a deal to reinstate Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok who was ousted in the coup and kept for weeks under house arrest. 
The Burhan-Hamdok agreement was welcomed by the UN, the African Union, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. It was also cautiously greeted by Britain and the US.
But critics have lambasted it as "whitewashing" and accused Hamdok of "betrayal", with pro-democracy activists vowing to maintain pressure on the military-civilian authority.

The top general has long insisted the military's move on October 25 "was not a coup" but a step "to rectify the transition.”

Hamdok, prime minister in the transitional government since 2019, has defended the deal, which he signed after his release from effective house arrest.

He has said he partnered with the military to "stop the bloodshed" and to "not squander the gains of the last two years".

Sudan was led by civilian-military ruling council under an August 2019 power-sharing deal that outlined a transition to civilian government after Bashir's three decades of iron-fisted rule.

Planned elections

Burhan has previously said he had no intention to run for president following the lapse of the transition.

On Saturday, he told AFP the August 2019 deal had "included a clear clause that all participants of the transitional period will not be allowed to take part of the period that directly follows it." 

But a landmark 2020 peace deal with rebel groups "granted some participants to the transitional period the right to become part of the government" that followed the transition, he said. 
Burhan and Hamdok agreed to make amendments to the August 2019 power-sharing deal. 

"There is work now on a new political charter as stated on November 21, to be agreed upon by political forces and to determine the rest of the transitional period until the elections are held," Burhan said.

He said "all political forces" will be part of that deal apart from Bashir's defunct National Congress Party. 

Since the coup, Burhan has removed clauses referring to the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) — an umbrella group which spearheaded the protests against Bashir — from the 2019 power-sharing deal.

In November, Burhan formed a new Sovereign Council, the highest transitional authority, with himself as chief, and military figures and ex-rebel leaders keeping their posts

He replaced FFC members with lesser-known civilian figures.
Hamdok has maintained that he has "full freedom" to choose members of his cabinet after the coup, provided that they are "independent" and "non-partisan". 

It was not clear yet whether ministers from ex-rebel groups, who signed the 2020 peace deal and were part of the deposed cabinet, would be included. 
"There is a discussion on whether to keep these rights as stated in the agreement or find any other solution," Burhan said. 

If they are to be excluded from the next cabinet, "it has to be with their consent."

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