Jordan’s unemployment rate falls to 21.4% in 2023

clothes and textile factory in Jordan
(File photo: Jordan News)
AMMAN – The Department of Statistics (DoS) stated that Jordan's unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of 2023 was 21.4 percent, a 1.5 percentage point decline from the fourth quarter of 2022, when it was 22.9 percent. اضافة اعلان

The unemployment rate for men in the fourth quarter of 2023 was 18.9 percent, while for women it was 29.8 percent, Al-Mamlaka TV reported.

Compared to the fourth quarter of 2022, the unemployment rate fell by 1.7 percentage points for men and 1.9 percentage points for women. When comparing the fourth quarter of 2023 to the previous quarter, the unemployment rate declined by 0.9 percentage points for men and 1.9 percentage points for women. 

The report also stated that the unemployment rate among university graduates was 25.1 percent, down 3.2 percentage points from the previous quarter. 

Furthermore, the findings revealed that 56.6 percent of all unemployed people had a secondary education or higher. Thus, the overall number of unemployed people with educational qualifications below secondary education reached 42.8 percent. 

Regarding age groupings, the unemployment rate for 15–19 years, 20–24 years, and 25–29 years was 53.5 percent, 40.5 percent, and 29.0 percent, respectively. 

At the governorate level, Mafraq Governorate had the highest unemployment rate with 24.8 percent, while Aqaba Governorate had the lowest with 17.7 percent. 

The research also found that 26.8 percent of the population aged 15 and up was employed. 58.7 percent of male workers were between 20 and 39, compared to 60.7 percent of females. 

Regarding educational credentials, 47.7 percent of employed individuals had less than a secondary education, 9.7 percent had a secondary education, and 42.2 percent had education beyond the secondary level. 

During the fourth quarter of 2023, the overall economic participation rate (labor force as a proportion of the population aged 15 and over) was 34.1 percent. This compares to 33.7 percent of the overall population in the fourth quarter of 2022. The participation percentage was 53.8 percent for males and 15.1 percent for girls. 

Notably, the economic participation rate for women rose by 1.1 percentage points in 2023. It's worth noting that the female economic participation rate in Arab countries is around 19.6 percent. 

The findings also revealed considerable differences in labor force distribution by educational level and gender. 57.3 percent of the male labor force had educational credentials below secondary education, compared to 9.7 percent of females. Furthermore, 71.8 percent of the female labor force held a bachelor's degree or higher, compared to 25.6 percent of males. 

The labor force survey comprises a sample of 16,560 families from urban and rural locations throughout all governorates in the kingdom. The poll is done quarterly and offers statistics for the entire quarter. Individuals are questioned about whether they actively sought a job in the four weeks leading up to the interview.

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