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December 2 2021 6:48 AM ˚
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A look at the way power and institutions control society

2 DISCIPLINE
(Photo: Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison by Michel Foucault)
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The grisly spectacle of public executions and torture of centuries ago has been replaced by the penal system in western society — but has anything really changed?اضافة اعلان

In his revolutionary work, “Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison,” on control and power relations in our public institutions, Michel Foucault argues that the development of prisons, police organizations, and legal hierarchies has merely changed the focus of domination from our bodies to our souls. Even schools, factories, barracks, and hospitals, in which an individual's time is controlled hour by hour, are part of a disciplinary society.

He begins by examining public torture and execution. He argues that the public spectacle of torture and execution was a theatrical forum, the original intentions of which eventually produced several unintended consequences. Foucault stresses the exactitude with which torture is carried out, and describes an extensive legal framework in which it operates to achieve specific purposes. 

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