Females account for 47.1% of total population— DoS

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AMMAN — On Thursday, the Department of Statistics (DoS) reported that the number of females in Jordan reached 5,419,000 out of the total population by the end of 2023, accounting for 47.1 percent of the total population compared to 52.9 percent for males, Al-Ghad reported. اضافة اعلان

In a statement on the occasion of Mother's Day, the department noted that the percentage of women in the reproductive age group, 15-49 years old, constituted 52.5 percent of the total females, decreasing to 11.9 percent in the age group of 50 years and older.

Results from population and family health surveys showed a significant increase in life expectancy at birth during 2012-2017, with life expectancy among women increasing from 74.4 years in 2012 to 75.1 in 2017, and among men from 71.4 years to 72.3 years during that period.

Consequently, the likelihood of survival favors women, as life expectancy for women increased by three years compared to men in 2017, with life expectancy among women increasing by 0.7 years over the five years, while among men it increased by 0.9 years.

The results also indicated a slight decrease in the total fertility rate for mothers in Jordan between 2017 and 2023, dropping from 2.7 children per mother to 2.6 children per mother. The percentage of mothers who had live births among teenage girls aged 15-19 decreased from 3.3 percent in 2017 to 2.1 percent in 2023, attributed to the increase in the average age of first marriage for females from 26.3 years in 2017 to 27.5 years in 2022.

Data from population and family health surveys further showed an increase in the percentage of births attended by skilled health professionals between 2017 and 2023, from 99.7 percent to 99.9 percent respectively. Furthermore, 97 percent of mothers in 2023 received antenatal care from a specialized service provider, and 83 percent received postnatal care services. Additionally, 54.3 percent of mothers had their family planning needs met through modern methods in 2023.

Moreover, the infant mortality rate decreased to nine deaths per 1,000 live births in 2023 compared to 11 deaths in 2017, and the neonatal mortality rate decreased from 17 to 14 deaths per thousand live births, along with a decrease in the under-five mortality rate from 19 to 15 deaths per thousand live births.

Notably, according to Jordan’s National Maternal Mortality Report for 2021, the maternal mortality rate decreased to 29.8 deaths per 100,000 live births.

The statement also highlighted that anemia remains one of the most critical public health issues affecting children, women, pregnant women, and adolescents. Continuous efforts are being made in Jordan to address this issue, as evidenced by the results of population and family health surveys during 2017-2023, which showed a decrease in the prevalence of anemia among women aged 15-49 from 42.6 percent to 32.3 percent, a decrease of 24 percent. Mild anemia was the most common type among women in Jordan, decreasing from 36 percent in 2017 to 17.1 percent in 2023.

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