Warhol’s ‘Marilyn,’ at $195 million, shatters auction record for an American artist

A 1964 Andy Warhol silkscreen, “Shot Sage Blue Marilyn,” is auctioned at Christie’s on Monday in New York on Monday, May 9, 2022. The piece sold for about $195 million at Christie’s in New York, making it the highest price achieved for any American work of art at auction. (Photos: NYTimes)
NEW YORK, United States  — Maybe the image is not racy, like the one of Marilyn Monroe with her dress flying up in the movie “The Seven Year Itch,” but on Monday night, it became the priciest.اضافة اعلان

In under four minutes of bidding, Andy Warhol’s 1964 silkscreen of the actress’s face, “Shot Sage Blue Marilyn,” sold for about $195 million to an unknown buyer at Christie’s, making it the highest price achieved for any American work of art at auction.

“We did sell the most expensive painting of the 20th century,” said Christie’s specialist Alex Rotter. “This is a big achievement.”

The 101.6cm-square painting, a trophy given its vibrant colors and glamorous subject matter, eclipsed the previous high price of $110.5 million for a Jean-Michel Basquiat skull painting at Sotheby’s in 2017 as well as Warhol’s auction high for a car crash painting that sold for $105.4 million in 2013.

Monday's sale kicked off a spring auction season in a city that has only begun to return to normal after two years of the coronavirus pandemic. Christie’s salesroom at Rockefeller Center was filled with the familiar faces of dealers and art advisers who clearly welcomed the opportunity to bid on blue-chip artworks in person again.

“There is a lot of appetite, there is a lot of money and there is a lot of quality,” said Austrian gallerist Thaddaeus Ropac, who was at the sale. “With all these things, it should work.”

Philip Hoffman, founder of the Fine Art Group, a New York advisory company, said the upcoming two weeks of auctions could raise as much as $2 billion. “There’s been a huge amount held back for two years, and there’s a huge amount of pent-up demand from new clients,” he said. “Everyone was waiting for the right moment, and the right moment has come.”

The Christie’s auction was unusual in that none of the works were accompanied by a guarantee — a minimum price at which a third party or the auction house has committed to purchase the work. That is because the works were consigned by the estate of Swiss dealers (and siblings) Thomas and Doris Ammann, with all of the proceeds going toward their foundation, which supports health care and educational programs for children. The estate wanted to maximize the charitable proceeds.

Before the sale, Christie's CEO Guillaume Cerutti reveled in the absence of guarantees, given the risky quality of flying without a net. “Like the old times,” he said. “Real sport.”

The buyer of the “Marilyn” will have a say in choosing to which charity 20 percent of the proceeds from that painting are allocated. The purchase is not considered a charitable donation, so it does not come with a tax deduction,

In 1977, the Ammanns founded a Zurich gallery that specialized in impressionist, modern, postwar and contemporary artists. After Thomas Ammann’s death in 1993, his sister continued to lead the gallery. She died last year.

“The top of the market is still strong and there is a lot of demand for quality,” art dealer Bill Acquavella said. “Look what real estate is selling for. There are other assets that are bringing prices that you haven’t seen before.”

The 36 works in the sale, which brought a total of $318 million (two lots did not sell), bore out the truism that top-quality works sell for top prices, however tumultuous the state of the world — be it a war overseas, a pandemic or a terrorist attack.

The auction, in Christie’s newly designed sales room with specialists positioned on the sides and reporters on stools in the back, was strong out of the gate. The energy crackled in the room as veteran auctioneer Jussi Pylkkanen toggled between bidders on the phone and in the seats. “I have 15 bidders for this one!” he said as Ann Craven’s canvas of three birds, “I Wasn’t Sorry, 2003,” ultimately sold for $680,400 over a high estimate of $40,000.

The first lot, a work by American conceptual artist Mike Bidlo, “Not Picasso (Bather with Beachball),” estimated at $60,000 to $80,000, went for $1.3 million with fees.

Collector Peter Brant, seated in the third row, bought the third lot, Francesco Clemente’s “Fourteen Stations, No. XI,” for $1.9 million, over an estimate of $80,000 to $120,000. Then dealer Larry Gagosian purchased Cy Twombly’s blue, green and purple painting on a wooden panel for about $17 million, over the high estimate of $15 million.

The sales continue this week with Christie’s 21st Century evening sale on Tuesday as well as its collection of Anne H. Bass and 20th Century evening sale on Wednesday. On Thursday, Christie’s will offer a 1909 Picasso bronze cast, “Head of a Woman (Fernande),” that was recently deaccessioned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. It is estimated at $30 million and has a guarantee.

On May 16, Sotheby’s will offer the remainder of the Macklowe collection, the fruits of the bitter divorce between real estate developer Harry Macklowe and his former wife, Linda, the first cache of which brought $676.1 million in the fall.

On May 18, Phillips will hold its 20th Century & Contemporary Art evening sale, featuring a bright orange 1982 untitled Basquiat with an estimate of $70 million; the seller, Japanese entrepreneur Yusaku Maezawa, bought it just six years ago at Christie’s for $57.3 million.

“Expectations are really high,” said Rebecca Fine, managing director of Athena Art Finance. “These are museum-quality works they’re selling.”

Brant, who owns one of the five Marilyns in the series, was asked on his way into the sale whether he would consider selling his version, but the collector said it had sentimental value. “No,” Brant said. “Absolutely not.”

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