HPC recommends gender mainstreaming in climate change policies

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AMMAN — The Higher Population Council (HPC) has recommended, in a press statement issued on Monday, the promotion of women's participation and gender mainstreaming in the design, endorsement, and execution of projects funded under climate change.اضافة اعلان

The statement, issued on the occasion of International Women’s Day — which is celebrated on March 8 — also recommended promoting the design of projects of concern to the Global Environment Facility which benefit women and are run by women.

The statement called for strategies to increase women’s participation as decision-makers, planners, managers, scientists, technical advisers, and beneficiaries in designing, introducing and executing natural resource management and protection policies.

Secretary-General of HPC Abla Amawi said that women are more vulnerable to the impact of climate change than men, as they make up a majority of the world’s poor, and are more reliant on natural resources that are particularly threatened by climate change. 

“Women in Jordan are more susceptible to the negative impact of global climate change due to the lack of gender equity in the use of resources and the exercise of rights, as well as a failure to make their voices heard due to poor governance,” Amawi said.

This year, the world celebrates International Women’s Day under the motto "gender-based equality today for a sustainable tomorrow”, in recognition of the contributions of women and girls who lead the mission of climate change adaptation and mitigation of its impact towards a more sustainable future for all. Social media campaigns for the day will use the hashtag #BreaktheBias.

According to the Population and Family Health Survey of 2017–2018, the rate of anemia cases among women aged 15–49 has risen to 43 percent.

Globally, women constitute 70 percent of 1.3 billion people that live in poverty, women in urban areas bear the burden of supporting 40 percent of the poorest households, and women produce 50 percent to 80 percent of the world's food but own less than 10 percent of the land.

Furthermore, the statement said that 40 percent of displaced people across the world as a result of natural disasters and climate change are women and young girls; this displacement is expected to cause additional gender-based violence, increased child marriages, and reduced sexual and reproductive health.

Amawi said that women make up 47 percent of the Kingdom’s total population, and some 392,000 households, or 17.5 percent of all Jordanian households in 2020, are headed by women. However, women's economic participation remains low, with the economic activity rate of Jordanian women standing at 14.2 percent, compared to 53.6 percent for males, and women’s unemployment rate at 30.7 percent compared to 21.2 percent for males, according to 2020 figures issued by Jordan’s Department of Statistics.

Amawi said that HPC attaches particular importance to this international event, with strategic objectives linked to its sustainable development goals, in particular goal five, which calls for “achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls,” as well as the 10th goal which calls for “reducing inequality within and among countries”, in addition to giving special attention to the issues of women’s economic empowerment, increasing their participation in the labor market, and promoting their reproductive health.

The statement said women and young girls are effective leaders and makers of change in all aspects related to climate change and are engaged in various sustainability initiatives around the world; their participation and leadership has always resulted in more effective climate action, therefore if we are to achieve sustainable development, continued examination of both opportunities and obstacles is necessary to enable women and girls to elevate their voices and participate in decision-making on various issues related to climate change and sustainability.

Study: More economically empowered women are less exposed to domestic violence

A study issued by Da’m Society for Women’s Empowerment, based on a survey conducted in December 2021, indicated that 78 percent of Jordanians believe that “economically empowered women are less exposed to domestic violence.”

However 22 percent of Jordanians do not believe that economically empowered women are less exposed to domestic violence, as working women are subject to economic domestic violence “through being deprived of the freedom to choose their work and how to spend her wages.”

Meanwhile, 88.1 percent of the survey sample said that domestic violence restricts women’s advancement in the workplace, 79.1 percent believe that women’s work outside the household limits their susceptibility to domestic violence, and 73.6 percent believe that empowered women in the workplace are less subject to gender discrimination at work in particular and in society in general.

The study also found that 94.6 of respondents said that women who embark on income-generating projects require a safe and domestic environment that is free of violence, and 91.2 percent believe that domestic violence against women jeopardizes their projects’ revenue.

Around 95.2 percent of respondents said that a society that accepts and encourages women’s work would contribute to increasing women’s economic participation, consequently women’s economic empowerment would mitigate their susceptibility to domestic violence.

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