291 female workers in Jordan filed complaints in 2022 — Tamkeen

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AMMAN — In 2022, Tamkeen for Legal Aid and Human Rights received 291 complaints from female workers across the Kingdom, Amman Net reported. اضافة اعلان

In a paper published on the occasion of International Women's Day, which falls on March 8 every year, the NGO said that the majority of complaints — 139 in all — were related to the withholding of wages. This was followed by passport confiscation at 114 complaints, vacation day suspension and long working hours at 76 complaints each, lack of social security enrolment at 75 complaints, and denial of overtime pay at 69 complaints.

In terms of sectors, 188 complaints were submitted by domestic workers, followed by 18 from the beauty sector, 16 from factories, 10 from the education sector, and 59 from the hygiene, sales, agriculture, restaurants, services, pharmacy, and mechanics sectors, combined.

Nationality and ageJordanian women filed 55 of the complaints, followed by Filipinas with 54 complaints. Workers from Ghana submitted 44 complaints and those with Ethiopian nationality submitted 30, while Bangladeshis and Ugandans filed 23 complaints each, Sri Lankans 20, and Nepalese 19.  The remainder of the complaints were distributed among those of Syrian, Yemeni, Egyptian, Indonesian, Pakistani, Kenyan, and Sudanese nationalities.

In terms of age, the majority of complaints came from women in the 18–35 year age group, at 146 complaints, while 90 complaints were received from those aged 35 and above and three complaints were received from women under 17 years of age. Tamkeen also received 52 complaints from women who did not disclose their ages.

Challenges for women in Jordan’s labor marketThe paper addressed the challenges facing working women in the Jordanian labor market, including access to decent job opportunities and gender-based wage discrimination. According to estimates from the Department of Statistics for the year 2018, the gendered wage gap in the Kingdom was 18 percent in the public sector and 14.1 percent in the private sector.

Meanwhile, work in informal professions does not involve a contractual agreement, which also signifies a lack of workers’ rights, either due to fear of employers or the absence of legal knowledge concerning protection channels.

Likewise, many women in unregulated professions are paid low wages that may dip below the minimum wage, ranging between JD100 and JD200 for Jordanian women and less than JD150 for non-Jordanian workers. Working hours can reach 16 hours per day, without overtime pay or annual leave and official holidays.

RecommendationsThe paper recommended that laws be activated to regulate women’s work and eliminate all forms of discrimination, such as the wage gap. It called on all governmental and non-governmental agencies to consider the figures related to women’s work in the labor market, to re-examine and formulate educational and functional plans, programs, and strategies that are in line with the needs of the labor market.

It also called on the authorities to provide women with access to work centers to empower them economically and socially, and to conduct studies on the challenges facing women's labor participation and possible solutions that can be implemented to reduce these challenges.

Other measures to support and empower women in Jordan include offering flexible work and providing support services for working women such as nurseries and safe means of transportation, the paper said.

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