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From robot fireflies to okra plasters: 2022's nature-inspired solutions

robot fireflies
(Photo: Twitter)
PARIS — Even as animals and plants face widespread extinction from human-driven causes like climate change, the natural world continues to inspire scientific discovery in unexpected ways.اضافة اعلان

"Nature has spent hundreds of millions of years optimizing elegant solutions to extremely complicated problems," said Alon Gorodetsky, a biomedical engineer at the University of California, Irvine.

"So if we look to nature, we can shortcut our development process and get to a valuable solution right away," he told AFP.

From squid-skin food warmers to cancer-sniffing ants, here is a selection of this year's scientific work inspired by nature.

Okra bandages stop bleeding heartsStopping the bleeding hearts and livers of dogs and rabbits without stitches may now be possible with a biodegradable bandage made of sticky okra gel.

Okra is a fuzzy green vegetable with a slimy texture that inspired Malcolm Xing from Canada's University of Manitoba to turn it into a medical adhesive.

"Okra is a fantastic material," said Xing.

In the July study published in Advanced Healthcare Materials, researchers discovered that refining okra in a juicer and then drying it into a powder creates an effective bio adhesive that quickly creates a physical barrier and starts the blood clotting process.

The researchers plan to test this plaster on humans in the coming years.

Robot firefliesFireflies that light up the night sky inspired scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to create tiny, bug-sized robots that emit light when they fly.

The glowing artificial muscles help the honey bee-sized robots communicate with each other, which may make them useful for search and rescue missions someday.
"Nature really is the epitome of innovation and engineering."
Though the robots can only operate in a laboratory environment so far, the researchers are excited at their potential future uses.

Cancer-sniffing antsThere are an estimated 20 quadrillion ants in the world, and researchers have discovered that one species might be able to sniff out cancer in human breasts.

In a study conducted at Sorbonne Paris Nord University and published on the preprint server bioRxiv, which has not yet been peer-reviewed, scientists used a sugar-water reward to train ants to smell the difference between mouse urine implanted with, and without, human tumors. 

While dogs can be trained to use their super noses to detect cancer, this is expensive and takes time. 

Ants might provide a cheaper — albeit less cute — alternative.

Squid-skin tea cosiesThe strange skin of squids has inspired a packaging material that can keep coffee and food warm for as long, or as little, as wanted, according to a March study published in Nature Sustainability.
Researchers discovered that refining okra in a juicer and then drying it into a powder creates an effective bio adhesive that quickly creates a physical barrier and starts the blood clotting process.
Squids have miniature organs called chromatophores that can drastically change size, and also help them change color.

To mimic "these pigment-filled organs", study co-author Alon Gorodetsky, from the University of California, Irvine, said they developed "little metal islands that you could move apart" and contract. The heat level can then be controlled by how much the material is stretched.

"If you put it around a warm object — for example, a coffee-filled cup or a hot sandwich — you can control the rate at which it cools down," he said.

"Nature really is the epitome of innovation and engineering," Gorodetsky added.


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