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Graffiti brings Benin’s walls alive with treasures from past

Graffiti brings Benin
Twenty-six Beninese and international graffiti artists are taking part in the eighth edition of the Effet Graff festival in Cotonou, with the ambition of creating one of the largest murals in the world that traces the history and culture of Benin. (Photos: AFP)
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COTONOU, Benin — On a blue and yellow background, the graffiti artist retouches a spray-painted image of the half-man, half-shark statue of King Behanzin, one of the stolen treasures returned to Benin by France late last year.اضافة اعلان

The image is just one by 26 local and international graffiti artists who have created a mural depicting Benin’s history and culture stretching more than one kilometer along a wall in Benin’s main city of Cotonou.

Their objective is to eventually create the largest mural fresco in the world as part of a festival under the theme of “New Benin”.


Beninese artist Romario Agbo-Koffi, also known as Dr Mario, poses for a portrait while holding a spray can at the Effet Graff festival, whose objective is to achieve one of the longest murals in the world, in Cotonou on May 18, 2022.

“To create the Benin of the future, we must keep the Benin of the past in our sight,” said Laurenson Djihouessi, known by his artist name Mr Stone, who is the festival promoter.

Many of the graffiti artists have chosen to represent the restored treasures, which were stolen by French colonial forces and returned to Cotonou this year after negotiations with Paris.

The artifacts have been on display for the first time in Benin since February in a historical exhibition at the presidential palace, located a few hundred meters from the mural.

“There, the audience comes to the art, but here the art comes to the audience,” said Stone, whose images pay homage to the Amazons, the elite, all-female soldiers of the Kingdom of Dahomey, one of Benin’s kingdoms before French colonization.

The artist said he wanted to place the Beninese woman “at the heart of action and development”, for them to be the “Amazon of modern times”.



But it is not only the royal history of Benin’s past that is painted on the fresco that attracts dozens of passers-by.

Supported by the Claudine Talon Foundation, run by the First Lady of Benin, and the Ministry of Culture, the wall also highlights recent achievements in the West African country.

There are cranes symbolizing the reform of Cotonou’s port and agricultural machinery, a reference to the modernization of the agricultural sector.

Images of roads are meant to show part of the infrastructure projects touted by President Patrice Talon as one of his successes.

Since his first election in 2015, Talon has launched dozens of projects in what he calls a campaign to set his nation on the path to development.

While the economy may have been modernized, Benin’s opposition says the country’s democracy has also suffered under Talon’s rule.

On her part of the wall, female artist Drusille Fagnibo also painted the building of Economic Crimes and Terrorism Court, known as Criet.

Critics say the special court, set up in 2016 in a bid to end to impunity in the political class, is used as a political weapon by the government to target opponents.

In December, the court sentenced opposition leader Reckya Madougou to 20 years in prison for terrorism, a term which her lawyers described as a political attack.

The government denies any claims the court is manipulated for political purposes.

More than 700 meters of wall have been decorated since April 11, and the organizers want to expand it to 1,300 meters during early 2023. They hope to beat the record for the longest graffiti fresco in the world.


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