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Leaded petrol runs out of gas, century after first warnings

1. Leaded Petrol
A man fills up gasoline cans at a gas station in Conway, South Carolina, September 11, 2018. (Photo: New York Times)
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NAIROBI — The use of leaded petrol has been eradicated from the globe, a milestone that will prevent more than 1.2 million premature deaths and save world economies over $2.4 trillion annually, the UN Environment Program (UNEP) said Monday.اضافة اعلان

Nearly a century after doctors first issued warnings about the toxic effects of leaded petrol, Algeria — the last country to use the fuel — exhausted its supplies last month, the UNEP said, calling the news a landmark win in the fight for cleaner air.

"The successful enforcement of the ban on leaded petrol is a huge milestone for global health and our environment," said Inger Andersen, executive director of the UNEP, which is headquartered in Nairobi.

Even as recently as two decades ago, more than 100 countries around the world were still using leaded petrol, despite studies linking it to premature deaths, poor health, and soil and air pollution.

Concerns were raised as early as 1924, when dozens of workers were hospitalized and five declared dead after suffering convulsions at a refinery run by US giant Standard Oil, nicknamed the "looney gas building" by staff.
Nevertheless, until the 1970s almost all the gasoline sold across the globe contained lead.

When the UNEP launched its campaign in 2002, many major powers had already stopped using the fuel, including the United States, China, and India. But the situation in lower-income nations remained dire.

Urgent action needed

By 2016, after North Korea, Myanmar, and Afghanistan stopped selling leaded petrol, only a handful of countries were still operating service stations providing the fuel, with Algeria finally following Iraq and Yemen in ending its reliance on the pollutant.

The UNEP said in a statement that the eradication of leaded petrol would "prevent more than 1.2 million premature deaths per year, increase IQ points among children, save $2.44 trillion for the global economy, and decrease crime rates".

It warned that fossil fuel use in general must still be drastically reduced to stave off the frightening effects of climate change.
Vehicle sales are set to climb globally exponentially, particularly in emerging markets.

"The transport sector is responsible for nearly a quarter of energy-related global greenhouse gas emissions and is set to grow to one third by 2050," the UNEP said, adding that 1.2 billion new vehicles would hit the streets in the coming decades.

"This includes millions of poor-quality used vehicles exported from Europe, the United States, and Japan, to mid and low-income countries.
"This contributes to planet warming and air polluting traffic and (is) bound to cause accidents," the global body said.

Earlier this month, a bombshell report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that Earth's average temperature would be 1.5°C warmer around 2030 — a decade earlier than projected, raising alarm bells about the use of fossil fuels.

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