Jordanian academics weigh in on the root causes of university violence

Jordan university
(File photo: Jordan News)
AMMAN — In Jordanian universities, incidents of violence are on the rise, with students frequently engaging in disruptive and destructive behavior. According to a recent report by Al-Rai daily, academics believe that individual behavior resulting from social upbringing is directly affecting the behavior of students on campus, leading to a generation that is unable to express its feelings and ideas naturally. اضافة اعلان

Despite the efforts of public and private universities to engage students in extracurricular activities on campus, there has been a lack of complementarity of societal roles, which has contributed to the increase in violence.

Why violence occursMuhammad Jarrar, the director of Public Relations and Community Communication at Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, suggests that university violence results from the failure to activate student affairs deanships in universities.

According to him, one of the most prominent causes of violence is social upbringing, which plays a major role in educating young people on societal values that should be instilled in them in an integrated manner by strengthening places of worship, schools, families, and leading to universities.

Sub-identityJarrar added that students often resort to university violence due to paying attention to sub-identities dominated by fanaticism. He, therefore, called on social communities to move their thoughts and perspectives towards unifying a national identity.

Leniency in imposing penalties on students contribute to an increase in university violence, making it easier for them to resort to such actions because they know there is no real and serious deterrence within the walls of the university.

The General Iftaa Department in Jordan's Awqaf Religious Ministry has issued nearly 50 fatwas-edicts prohibiting university violence.

Meanwhile, Abla Abu Elbeh, the secretary-general of Jordan's People's Democratic Party, believes that the policy of continuing to exclude students from partisan and political activities is a major cause for quarrels and student violence in universities.

She argued that it is also a major cause of ignorance and indifference.

PreventionIsmail Al-Zyoud, the Dean of Student Affairs at the University of Jordan, emphasized that student guidance, counseling, and holding seminars are effective in preventing violence on university campuses.

He added that this is done in cooperation with academics and specialists from partner agencies concerned with maintaining community peace and security.

While such efforts have contributed towards reducing university violence, the phenomenon still arises in different forms.

According to Ashraf Elimat, university violence is an increasing problem, and one of its causes is psychological pressure that many students suffer from during university life. Elimat added that poverty is also one of the main causes of university violence, as many students suffer from difficult economic conditions and find it difficult to bear the costs of study and living, leading to frustration, violence, and social unrest because of unemployment, poverty, insecurity, and instability.

Effective strategiesElimat pointed out that culture and education can have a significant impact on rates of university violence, as some students believe violence is the only way to express anger and frustration. He also highlighted the lack of effective mechanisms to deal with violence in universities and educational institutions as one of the most important reasons that lead to an increase in violence rates.

He called on universities and educational institutions to adopt effective strategies to deal with this violence, including providing psychological and material support to students and providing a safe and stimulating learning environment.

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