Jordan needs $7.5b to achieve 2030 climate targets — ministry

(File photo: Ameer Khalifeh/Jordan News)
AMMAN — Secretary-General of the Ministry of Environment Mohammad Al-Khashashneh said that Jordan needs $7.5 billion to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 31 percent by 2030, according to Khaberni.اضافة اعلان

The government contributes 5 percent of this amount, and the remainder is set to be collected by financing institutions working to tackle climate change.

This year, the Ministry of Environment acquired some funded projects, the most important of which entailed building 7,000 household water collection systems, he said.

The Green Climate Fund contributed $32 million to the project, which will be implemented in cooperation with the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, the Ministry of Agriculture, and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, he noted.

“The water sector is the most affected by climate change, with rainfall decreasing by 10 to 15 percent due to climate changes,” said Khashashneh.

The UN Conference on Climate Change (COP27) in Egypt, on Monday, its second day, focused on various aspects of food security, including social and economic development.

Climate change has affected several sectors and activities in the Kingdom, particularly agriculture and food production, and has exacerbated other challenges, like the cost of financing supply chains.

As the global population increases — expected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050 — the demand for food continues to rise. Meanwhile, 820 million people were suffering from hunger at the end of 2021, and climate change continues to have a serious impact on agricultural land and livestock productivity, according to Al-Mamlaka TV.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimates that global farming productivity has already decreased by 21 percent, due to higher temperatures and intense damage to soil, along with increased levels of carbon dioxide, which reduces the nutritional quality of crops.

In addition, a further 17-percent decline in yields of coarse grains, oil seeds, wheat, and rice is expected by 2050, if the higher-temperature scenario presented by the panel pans out.

Livestock production is severely affected by climate shocks, which are becoming increasingly frequent, with losses of 20 to 60 percent in animal population recorded during severe droughts in past decades.

Besides being vulnerable to the impact of climate change, food systems are also a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for about a third of the global gas emissions. Therefore, it is essential that food systems evolve to sustainably meet the growing global demand.

At a time of increasing food insecurity, COP27 is focusing on in-depth discussions on ways to deal with the required increase in agricultural productivity, shift to resilient agriculture, reduce losses in the food production chain, including through cooling solutions, and ensure that relevant measures are taken to attain sustainable food security and manage potential food crises.

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