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Higher Population Council talks violence amid pandemic rise

hpc
(Photo: Jordan News)
AMMAN — The Secretary General of the Higher Population Council Abla Amawi recently released a statement outlining the problem of violence in Jordan.اضافة اعلان

Amawi’s statement coincided with International Day for Nonviolence, which is held on October 2 every year, and falls on Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, a leader of India’s independent movement and a pioneer of nonviolence philosophy and strategy.

Recently, statistics have shown an increase in the rate of violence as the pandemic unfolded, according to Amawi, who added that violence must be resisted, especially violence against women and children. 

The Family Protection and Juveniles Department reported that in 2020 cases of domestic violence increased from 41,221 in 2018, to 54,743 cases in 2020. Some 58. 7 percent of the cases reported involved physical violence, while 34 percent involved sexual violence. 

Amawi said that most victims of domestic violence are women; specifically a wife, daughter, mother, or child, according to Al-Ghad News. 

The family protection department’s report also found that 82 percent cases involved a husband being violent towards their wife. 

Regarding the age groups of the victims, statistics showed that around 27.7 percent were children and 66.3 percent were adult females, while Jordanians constituted 87.9 percent of reported cases and Syrians constituted 5.8 percent of cases. 

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines violence as: The intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community that either results in, or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal-development, or deprivation.

The WHO has found that one out of three women around the world is subjected to physical violence in the family. 

A 2020 UN report on domestic violence against women, found that around 243 million women and girls were subjected to domestic violence, sexual harassment, and abuse in during 2020. 

The report also found that the numbers had doubled since the onset of the pandemic and the lockdowns. 

Amawi pointed out that the physical and psychological violence causes physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive problems for victims. It can also sometimes lead to fatal incidents. 

The Information and Research Center, in cooperation with the Institute for Family Health, and the “I Am A Human” Society for Rights of People with Disability also released a report in 2020. 

The study found that physical violence was on the rise during the pandemic, with victims being exposed to violence based on their “gender and disability.” 

The groups reported that women and girls with disabilities are also more subject to poverty and social exclusion, and that they lack opportunities to access basic services and social opportunities. 

Syrian refugees and children also suffer from social violence, including an increased rate of child marriage, labor, and economic restrictions for women.
  
The Higher Population Council stated that Jordan is committed to working towards commitments made during the Nairobi Summit 2019, which include setting a national plan for 2021-2030 that would work to end physical and social violence, along with child marriage. 

The council has also prepared the National Population Strategy (2021-2030) and the National Strategy for Reproductive and Sexual Health, both which look to tackle violence. 

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