Deadly fighting between Daesh, Kurdish forces in Syria

1. Daesh Syria
Syrians flee their homes in the Ghwayran neighborhood in the northern city of Hasakeh on January 22, 2022, on the third day of fighting between Daesh and Kurdish forces in Syria after Daesh attacked a prison housing extremists in the area. (Photo: AFP)
HASAKEH, Syria — Fighting raged for a third day Saturday between Daesh and Kurdish forces in Syria after Daesh attacked a prison housing extremists, with the violence killing nearly 90, a monitor said.اضافة اعلان

The assault on the Ghwayran prison in the northern city of Hasakeh is one of Daesh’s most significant since its so-called "caliphate" was declared defeated in Syria nearly three years ago.

"At least 28 members of the Kurdish security forces, five civilians and 56 members of (Daesh) have been killed" in the violence, said Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Daesh launched the attack on Thursday night against the prison housing at least 3,500 suspected members of the terror group, including some of its leaders, said the observatory.

The extremists "seized weapons they found" in the detention center and freed several fellow Daesh fighters, said the Britain-based monitor, which relies on sources inside war-torn Syria for its information.

Hundreds of terrorist inmates had since been recaptured but dozens were still believed to be on the loose, the observatory said.

With the backing of US-led coalition aircraft, Kurdish security forces have encircled the prison and are battling to retake full control of surrounding neighborhoods, which extremists have used as a launching pad for their attacks.

The Kurdish-dominated Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) on Saturday said "fierce clashes" broke out in neighborhoods north of Ghwayran, where it carried out raids and killed more than 20 IS fighters.

It said it seized explosive belts, weapons and artillery held by terrorists.

'Fat target'

The battles have triggered a civilian exodus from neighborhoods around Ghwayran, with families fleeing for a third consecutive day in the harsh winter cold as Kurdish forces closed in on Daesh targets.

"Thousands have left their homes near the prison, fleeing to nearby areas where their relatives live," Sheikhmous Ahmed, an official in the semi-autonomous Kurdish administration, told AFP.

Daesh has carried out regular attacks against Kurdish and government targets in Syria since the rump of its once-sprawling proto-state was overrun in March 2019.

Most of their guerrilla attacks have been against military targets and oil installations in remote areas, but the Hasakeh prison break could mark a new phase in the group's resurgence.

Daesh said in a statement released on Friday by its Amaq news agency that its attack on the jail aimed to "free the prisoners".

It was not immediately clear whether the prison break was part of a centrally coordinated operation — timed to coincide with an attack on a military base in neighboring Iraq — or the action of a local Daesh cell.

Analyst Nicholas Heras of the Newlines Institute in Washington said the terrorist group targeted the prison to bolster its numbers.

Daesh "wants to move beyond being the terrorist and criminal network that it has devolved into, and to do that it needs more fighters," he told AFP.

"Prison breaks represent the best opportunity for ISIS to regain its strength in arms, and Ghwayran prison is a nice fat target for ISIS because its overcrowded," he said, using another acronym for Daesh.

'Comprehensive strategy'

The prospect of a repeat of the attack remains very real, said Colin Clarke, research director at the New York-based Soufan Center think tank.

"The SDF needs a comprehensive strategy to deal with this threat," he said.

The Kurdish authorities have long warned they do not have the capacity to hold, let alone put on trial, the thousands of Daesh fighters captured in years of operations.

According to Kurdish authorities, more than 50 nationalities are represented in a number of Kurdish-run prisons, where more than 12,000 Daesh suspects are now held.

Many of the Daesh prisoners' countries of origins have been reluctant to repatriate them, fearing a public backlash at home.

Abdulkarim Omar, the semi-autonomous administration's top foreign policy official, blamed the prison attack on the "international community's failure to shoulder its responsibilities".

The war in Syria broke out in 2011 and has since killed close to half a million people and spurred the largest conflict-induced displacement since World War II.

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