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Study on impact of climate change on water

dam water wala
An undated photo of Wala Dam. (Photo: Petra)
AMMAN — A study on the impact of climate change on underground water in an arid area in the Kingdom recommended the implementation of water harvesting techniques to re-nourish the soil of plants, maintain moist soil, and reuse the water in other locations, Al-Ghan News reported.اضافة اعلان

The study, entitled the “impact of climate change on underground water in northern Wadi Araba” was conducted by Duaa Al-Hamour of the National Agricultural Research Center.

She said the study showed that the Wadi Arba area is an environmentally important area, where agricultural investment is possible, and therefore a thorough research on the impact of climate change on groundwater recharge in the northern Wadi Araba was carried out under the Ecosystem Services Valuation Project.

According to the study, Wadi Araba relies on two main water sources, namely surface and underground. Both require planning and management to maintain and sustain their different ecosystems. But both face the challenge of deteriorating groundwater quality and levels due to overuse, as well as insufficient rainfall, which negatively affect the agro-pastoral system and the community’s economic growth. It also decreases productivity, and ultimately reflects negatively on food security.

The research speculated on the impact of climate change on groundwater recharge, using the water and soil assessment tool model, geographic information system, technology and remote sensing, to achieve sustainable groundwater management in the northern Wadi Araba basin.

Omar Salameh, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Water and Irrigation, said the current water storage at the Kingdom’s dams is estimated at 19 percent of their total capacity, according to local media outlet.

On Thursday, Salameh pointed to the low quantity of water available, especially in dams, during the past couple of years. He noted that underground water also suffers from extensive use.

He outlined instructions for groundwater utilization to provide additional supplies and support to farmers. Salameh stressed the ministry’s endeavor to mitigate the burdens of farmers and provide them with possible facilities.

“Through this measure, the ministry considered providing water to farmers on concessional and different terms from those applicable to industrial and productive wells,” according to Salameh.

He said no limit is required for the extraction of water, especially in the Jordan Valley. He noted that the depth of the wells should not exceed more than 150m, that each well must be allocated to 60 agricultural units, and that farmers could participate in the drilling of a single well.

Salameh said farmers who wish to dig for underground water must present a JD10,000 bank guarantee, which includes a JD1,750 non-refundable license fee. He said the money is a deposit against any violations and also proves the financial standing of the individual.

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