Climate change will not spare Kingdom’s regions, says report

water drought
(File photo: Jordan News)
AMMAN — Preliminary results of the Fourth National Communications Report show that, according to several potential global warming scenarios, the agricultural sector in the governorates of Irbid, Jerash and Ajloun will deteriorate due to the impact of climate change, Al-Ghad News reported.اضافة اعلان

Moreover, the effects of temperatures and rainfall levels on ecosystems will be very severe on all regions of the Kingdom in the year 2100, if global warming reaches 8.5°C, the report said.

Residents of the Northern Badia, Azraq, and other regions will face health problems as a result of climate change, while urban areas will see an increase in mortality rates among the elderly and the groups most vulnerable to climate change, due to the rise in temperatures, according to the results of the report and a specialized local study.

Mohammad Al-Qanah, an environmental expert, was quoted by Al-Ghad as saying that the report identified the areas of the Kingdom that are most likely to be severely affected, and this should be an issue upon which official policies should focus.

“The impact of climate changes varies according to sectors; for example, the agricultural sector in the governorates of Irbid, Ajloun, and Jerash will witness significant deterioration,” Qanah said.

“Residents of Northern Badia, Azraq, and other regions will be affected the most,” according to Qanah who said that in order to mitigate the effects of climate change, locally and internationally, the world needs to join efforts to decreasing the volume of greenhouse gas emissions.

He added that Jordan depends on foreign funds to implement programs to adapt to climate change, while it should do so through integrating the local community, which should “be a partner in this endeavor”. He also said that "the countries that have the highest rates of global emissions are not currently making the efforts required of them to reduce them, as all indicators show an increase in the rates of greenhouse gases emitted by these countries", adding that those that causes harm must pay the ones that are affected by the effects of climate change, to help the most fragile countries to adapt to climate changes. 

Professor of Water Economics and Natural Resources Emad Karableh said that communities that live within climatic zones that are lower than 400m below sea level, and those higher than 1,100m above sea level will be most exposed, in different degrees, to the effects of climate change. 
According to him, the Jordan Valley region will witness an increase in temperatures, which will help increase the production of agricultural crops, if water for irrigation is available, which is not the case; “we are currently experiencing an increase in evaporation levels and water is scarce, and this will eventually lead to a deterioration of agricultural land in that area”.

As for the northern regions, Karableh said, “there will be less rainfall, and that will decrease agricultural production, which is the first source of livelihood for its residents”. He also warned of the danger of “increased rates of forest fires in heavily forested areas such as the north, and in the areas of Amman, Madaba, Karak, and Tafileh”, which requires measures to prevent such possibility.  

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