Chinese Communist Party

Jawad anani
Jawad Anani (Photo: Jordan News)
On July 23, the Chinese Communist Party celebrates the first centennial of its creation. Large celebrations will mark this important milestone in China’s history, present and future.اضافة اعلان

Since its inception, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has distinguished itself from the Marxist/Leninist version of communism, which later came to be known as Marxist Maoist communism.  It neither excludes history, nor totally abandons the deep traditions of China. The Chinese people are inventive, entrepreneurial, and have a long history of agricultural, industrial, and commercial knowledge.

The CCP did not shy away from that tradition. It managed to infiltrate Chinese society, assemble supporters who were mentally and emotionally conditioned to do their best for China, along the tenets set by the party. Those who were apposed to the ideology were routed out, and the skills of the faithful were put into plough-shares.

China learnt from the hard and tragic lessons of the Lenin era in Russia. They allowed farmers to use their skills, and the government bought their surplus produce at encouraging prices. Such policies enabled the CCP to ensure that hunger and famine were controlled. All Chinese were given rations to enable them to survive. Gray suites were worn by all Chinese, including the leaders who set the example.

Both trade and agriculture produced surpluses which were ploughed back into industrial pursuits. Thus industry was developed without debt and the economy was inflation-free.

When this policy of seclusion and minimum consumption was over, China needed to reform itself and open-up gradually to the rest of the world. President Nixon and his secretary of state Kissinger paid visits to China and met with chairman Mao. Yet, by 1979, the cultural revolution ended, and the reformists emerged victorious. The villainous “gang of four” were no more.

The era of opening-up witnessed a strong affinity with the Chinese in diaspora in Asia, Europe, and North America. Moreover, China opened up for investment, limited birth to one child per family and sent millions of selected students abroad on scholarships to learn modern systems of banking, finance, IT, construction, trade, factory management, etc. The students returned but brought with them ideas about human rights, democracy which found expression in Tiananmen Square in 1988. Unpalatable to Chinese leaders who saw in them disrupting trends, they accordingly put these attempts down without compromise.

Now China is changing its approach. The annual CCP conferences, which are the trend-setters, decided to shift gears toward local consumption and less dependence on trade to create international alliances through investments. They created the “Belt and Road Initiative” and established the Asia Development Bank.

China dropped the policy of modesty; they flex their muscles once in a while. They are not hesitant to assert their military, technological, and economic weight.    

Now they are strong competitors in trade, currency, fintech platforms, space, alternative energy etc. China is now a great power to reckon with.

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