Gaza faces famine as Israel blocks aid, breaching food rights treaties

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GAZA — Amid widespread famine in the Gaza Strip due to Israel's blocking of humanitarian aid crossings and targeting of food stores and production facilities, questions are emerging regarding international treaties and laws safeguarding the right to food and individual access, especially during wars, Al-Ghad reported. اضافة اعلان

Early treaties by international organizations include the right to food among fundamental human rights, with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948 recognizing it as a basic human right. The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1966 further guaranteed the right to freedom from hunger, making it the most comprehensive treaty addressing the right to food.

A report highlighted that the framework for realizing the right to food obligates parties to take necessary measures to provide food and alleviate hunger, particularly in emergencies. International instruments mandate countries to ensure food provision and sustainability, allowing access through all means and providing healthy food to all groups without discrimination.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) also noted that numerous provisions of international humanitarian law pertain to providing food in armed conflict situations. Prohibitions include starving civilians as a means of warfare or combat, as well as depriving populations of food sources and supplies.

All parties must differentiate between civilian and military objectives, with civilian objectives encompassing foodstuffs and related facilities. International humanitarian law also underscores the necessity of providing humanitarian assistance by humanitarian organizations, prohibiting parties from withholding consent to such services and requiring the unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief.

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