Bishaa: An ancient bedouin lie detector

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For centuries, humans have been manipulating the truth, especially in life and death situations. To verify truthful information and spot lies, people used primitive methods, including lie detectors. One of the oldest lie detectors in history is the Bishaa, which was used by bedouins.اضافة اعلان

The Bishaa, which gets its name from a metal spoon, involves using a red-hot metal spoon, usually used for stirring coffee beans, to touch the tongue of a suspect during a trial. If the suspect's tongue scars, they will be pronounced guilty.

But what is the justification? Well,  the tradition is based on the belief that a guilty person's tongue will be dry due to fear, while an innocent person's tongue will be wet due to the lack of anxiety. However, some innocent suspects may also feel anxious, and some guilty suspects may be too daring to have dry mouths.

Torture for justice?Many believe that Bishaa is just a form of torture, but others saw it as a means to achieve justice, especially in old times.

However, some people argue that the Bishaa should not be grouped with other old lie detection methods that were based on torture. These methods include trials by combat, where the winner is declared innocent because it is believed that God helped them win, and ordeals, where accused persons undergo physical tests such as being thrown into cold water or putting their hand into boiling water.

These methods were believed to protect the innocent from harm because it was believed that God would intervene on their behalf.

But Bishaa is not as simple as that, at least that is what was argued.

Judges used it to rule out guilt in cases where there is no other evidence or witnesses. According to Bedouin Sheikh Ali Al-Waked, the Bishaa is a last resort and cannot be done by just anyone.

So, what goes into the Bishaa practice?Well, only an expert known as the Mobashee, who had extensive knowledge of how to heat the spoon and how to perform the touch, was allowed to execute the Bishaa.

According to bedouin master Ali Al-Waked from the Jordan Valley, the Mobashee had to be able to influence the psychology of suspects before the touch in a way that would lead them to confess.

Furthermore, a judge could not compel a suspect to undergo the Bishaa. The suspect had to consent to it willingly, even if they were innocent and feared the procedure.

Waked explained that if suspects agreed to undergo the Bishaa trial, they would spend a couple of days with the Mobashee. During this time, the Mobashee would encourage them to reconcile and warn them of the painful experience they would undergo.

These strict guidelines demonstrate the importance placed on the Bishaa in Bedouin culture. It was not a procedure that could be taken lightly, and only those with specific expertise and training were allowed to perform it.

Found in other civilizationsThe Bishaa principle is found in many other civilizations. For example, in ancient China, suspects were asked to chew dry rice. In India, a trick involving a donkey was used to identify lying suspects.

The donkey's tail was immersed in oil, and then the donkey was placed inside a tent. The suspects were then asked to go inside and pull the tail. If the donkey brayed, it was believed that the suspect was lying. It was thought that anxious suspects would not pull the tail, fearing that the donkey's braying would give them away.

While the Bishaa may seem outdated, modern lie detecting technologies, such as the Polygraph, are based on the same principle of noticing the difference in bodily behaviors between guilt and innocence.

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