Nausea and vomiting : Possibly more than something you ate

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Whether it be due to illness or something as mundane as a car ride, it is safe to assume that everyone has been nauseous or has vomited at least once in their life. In fact, it is so common that it is a nondescript symptom for many conditions. More often than not, nausea and vomiting are benign, but there are cases in which it may indicate something more severe. Furthermore, if you are prone to nausea and vomiting in certain situations, then you might benefit from some helpful tips. Understanding how to discern the seriousness of your nausea and vomiting can help you manage it.اضافة اعلان

Nausea and vomiting are very common symptoms that can attributed to a wide variety of causes. Nausea or feeling nauseous is a term used to describe feeling the need to vomit. Vomiting is an uncontrollable reflex in which you expel the contents of your stomach through your mouth. Both can occur at any age but typically the causes are different.

Nausea and vomiting may occur separately or together and may be the result of physical or psychological conditions. One of the most common reasons for nausea and vomiting is first trimester pregnancy. This is often referred to as morning sickness and affects roughly 70 percent of pregnant women. Typically, morning sickness tends to resolve itself by the second or third trimester. Another common cause is motion sickness, commonly when riding in a car, boat, or roller coaster. Balance is a complex process that involves many sensory organs, chiefly fluids in the inner ear. These fluids move when our body is in motion, but when the motion is excessive it can cause vertigo. Vertigo is a spinning sensation associated with other symptoms that include nausea and potentially vomiting. The final most common cause is gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is commonly referred to as a stomach flu, however it is not a flu at all. It is inflammation in the lining of the intestines caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites. This condition is associated with other symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhea, but also includes nausea and vomiting.

Nausea and vomiting may also be caused by something you have ingested. The most common cause is medication. There are a host of medications that are known to cause nausea and potentially vomiting. Even medicine that is injected may cause nausea and vomiting. The most common example of this is chemotherapy in cancer patients. Chemotherapy is extremely taxing on the body and is often paired with medication to combat nausea and vomiting.

Food can also cause nausea and vomiting. Food poisoning, the result of eating contaminated, spoiled, or toxic food, can cause symptoms similar to gastroenteritis. Additionally, stomach conditions like indigestion or gastroesophageal reflux disease can cause nausea and vomiting. Although nausea and vomiting are commonly associated with physical ailments, it can also be caused by psychological disturbances. Often times, our mental well-being and physical body are linked. People may feel nauseous when under emotional distress, stress, or even when they are afraid. Additionally, some noxious smells can cause people to feel nauseous. This is particularly common in morning sickness but can happen to anyone.

Vomiting is typically indicative of a more severe condition, the causes of which can vary depending on age. Vomiting is considered to be more common in children than in adults. Provided that there is no simple explanation for vomiting, the most common cause in adults is a bacterial or viral infection, or food poisoning. Children most often experience vomiting due to infection or food poisoning, but may also vomit due to severe motion sickness, coughing, high fevers, or overeating.

When to be concerned
Nausea and vomiting are not inherently a cause for alarm on their own. More often than not, the symptoms are acute and can resolve themselves in a matter of days or even hours depending on the cause. However, if the symptoms are unexplained or associated with other, more severe symptoms, then it may be concerning. It may be associated with a chronic gastrointestinal condition that could require treatment or management. This can include celiac disease, lactose intolerance, irritable bowel syndrome, and Crohn’s disease. In rarer cases, persistent nausea and vomiting may be indicative of a more severe underlying condition. This can include meningitis, appendicitis, concussion, cancer, or migraines. However, these conditions are typically associated with other, more pressing symptoms, which can help your doctor differentiate between a simple, acute condition and a serious one.

Persistent vomiting can also be cause for concern. Persistent vomiting has many definitions, but in general, you should seek medical attention if you experience two days of persistent vomiting. That period of time shortens to 24 hours for children under the age of two, and to 12 hours for infants. Additionally, if you experience other symptoms associated with vomiting such as a weak or rapid pulse, dehydration, or blood in your vomit, you should see a doctor immediately. It may also be considered persistent if you experience bouts of vomiting for more than one month. Persistent vomiting can be dangerous, aside from the potentially serious underlying condition, because it causes a large loss of water and can also make water consumption difficult. It makes dehydration more likely, which itself can result in other complications. Additionally, along with water loss, vomiting causes the loss of electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and magnesium. Ultimately, this can cause a deficiency in these electrolytes, which can cause serious complications.

Treatment or management
First and foremost, it is important to identify the cause of your nausea or vomiting. If you are certain that the cause is acute and simple, then focus your attention on managing your symptoms. If you are unsure of the cause or you are experiencing more severe symptoms as well, then you should see a doctor as soon as possible. If you engage in activities that likely cause nausea, there are some home remedies that can manage or prevent it.

Light and plain food (i.e., not spicy foods) such as bread or crackers, while avoiding greasy, fried, or sweet foods with strong flavors, can help prevent or manage nausea. Additionally, cold liquids and certain teas such as ginger tea can also help manage it. It is also recommended that you wait at least an hour after eating before engaging in activity in order to prevent nausea. In cases of vomiting, one of the most important things to do is stay hydrated. You will need to drink large amounts of water but not all at once. Ideally, you should drink small sips of water throughout the day. Additionally, you will need to incorporate drinks with electrolytes to replace the lost electrolytes. Try to avoid solid food until the vomiting has subsided and when you resume solid foods eat smaller but more frequent portions.

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