Jordan’s experts weigh in on the Israel-Hamas temporary ceasefire

Marwan Muasher
Jordanian diplomat and politician Marwan Muasher. (File photo: Jordan News)
AMMAN – On Wednesday, a four-day ceasefire between Hamas and Israel was announced. At 7am local time on Friday, the temporary ceasefire took effect. The agreement involves releasing civilian women and children by the Gaza Strip's resistance in exchange for Palestinian women and children detained in Israeli prisons. It also includes a temporary cessation of hostilities and the entry of humanitarian aid. Jordan News interviewed political experts to discuss the agreement both politically and militarily.اضافة اعلان

Jordanian diplomat and politician Marwan Muasher told Jordan News that the ceasefire, which started on Friday at 7am and will continue for four days, will rearrange matters. He mentioned that it is crucial for delivering aid to Palestinians, including medicines, food, and fuel. It will also contribute to the release of a number of Palestinian prisoners.

However, he emphasized that this ceasefire is only temporary, and the goal should be to invest these days to ensure the continuation and transformation of the ceasefire into a permanent cessation of hostilities. He pointed out that Israel has been stubborn about a ceasefire, reflecting its unwillingness to end the war in the near future. He added that the ceasefire might help change the rules of engagement, especially with increasing international pressure to convince Israel to stop the war.

However, the ultimate goal should be a genuine effort to achieve a permanent ceasefire.

Former deputy Jamil Al-Nimri told Jordan News “The Israeli side is the one that lost in this battle, facing the resistance's steadfastness. In addition, with international pressure, there will be pressure to extend the ceasefire."

Nimri believes that the ceasefire was initiated to allow aid to Palestinians, contribute to strengthening the presence of the resistance and fighters, facilitate prisoner exchanges, and serve as an initial victory for the resistance.

The ceasefire is a political victory
On the other hand, political analyst Mohammad Al-Zawahreh stated that the ceasefire is a political victory for the Hamas movement, which managed to withstand and confront the Israeli onslaught that has been relentless for the past 49 days.

"It is clear that the ground war had two objectives: first, to free hostages, and second, to eliminate Hamas. However, after 49 days, the occupation found itself in a predicament, having achieved nothing. All the killing of civilians, the destruction of infrastructure, and the loss of international sympathy resulted in a setback. Now, the occupiers are attempting negotiations for hostages to gain public support, as these hostages are soldiers affiliated with the Israeli Occupation Forces,” he added.

A ‘fragile truce’
Furthermore, a military expert specializing in Israeli strategy, Dhifallah Al-Daboubi, added to Jordan News, “The truce that was signed by the resistance and Israel is a fragile truce that will not rise to the level of literal implementation. The Qatari Foreign Minister spoke in general terms, and this truce is about a ceasefire, the entry of aid, and the release of prisoners.”

Even if it is signed, Israel may violate
He added “On the other hand, I consider that the truce is not binding on any party, even if it is signed because whoever sponsors the truce cannot force Israel to abide by its terms. We know that Israel usually violates truces. For example, it violated the truce with Jordan in 1967, as well as several times with Lebanon, despite the presence of international emergency forces, we do not fear that Israel will create an incident this time that links it to the resistance, after receiving its prisoners, it will violate this truce.”

 He also mentioned that the resistance is in a very strong position, as it has inflicted many losses on Israel, this truce came in order to bring in aid, considering this truce is a rest for a warrior, and military operations will continue immediately after the truce ends.

There may be multiple truces to follow
Politician Mamdouh Al-Abadi told Jordan News the temporary ceasefire is seen as a success. He added that he believes there will be multiple truces after this one expires, and that the Israeli Occupation Forces inside Gaza will disappear. 

The ceasefire marks a new phase in the conflict
Meanwhile, Bader Madi, a political sociology professor at a German university, told Jordan News that this ceasefire marks a new phase in the conflict, signifying a new political and reconciliatory approach between the resistance movements. According to Madi, this ceasefire is achieving common interests between the two parties.

Madi considered there is a lot of external pressure on Israel and the United States as well as other countries that previously advocated for human rights, but are now being tested in this war. He said these factors have pressured Israel into accepting the ceasefire.

It may extend beyond four days
Madi affirmed it is possible that the ceasefire will extend beyond four days, and similar ceasefires may be repeated. The success of Qatar in this ceasefire will likely ease the attack it has been facing, as it shelters elements from Hamas. Qatar's presence has created a degree of balance between the two parties, demonstrating that Qatar's role was crucial, especially in this deal.

Military and strategic expert Ayman Al-Rusan told Jordan News, "As we have witnessed, Israel often violates its agreements and delays in the prisoner release deals. The ceasefire has constituted a diplomatic breach achieved by the resistance against Israel. It breaks the enemy's prohibitions, as Israel consistently declared, through its successive governments, a refusal to negotiate, exchange prisoners, or cease hostilities. Today, Israel agrees to the ceasefire, contradicting its narrative of achieving victory in the ground operation and controlling the Gaza Strip."

Rusan further expressed concerns about the ceasefire, fearing that it would allow journalists to enter areas they hadn't accessed before, documenting Israeli destruction of the region and the killing of civilians. This, in turn, could turn global opinion against them.

Israel has failed to weaken the resistance
He emphasized that the Israeli side has failed to weaken the resistance or force the supportive environment to abandon its support, considering the ceasefire as a tactical move and not a complete cessation of war. He pointed out that accepting the ceasefire is an implicit acknowledgment by Israel of the resistance's terms.