Sweet and squishy as ever, the gummy universe keeps expanding

On its 100th anniversary, the colorful candy has evolved from dancing bears to a booming industry — and for some, a bountiful obsession. (Photos: NYTimes)
Matthew Beverley, an electrical engineer in Mount Pearl, Newfoundland, is known to keep a bag of Haribo gummy candy on his bedside table. There is usually a bag or two on his desk at work. Then there’s the filled plastic bin in his home office, not to mention the scattered loosies.اضافة اعلان

Some might say this is a problem. He calls it a collection.

It took more than four months during the pandemic for Beverley, 40, to amass his Haribo hoard, which peaked at nearly 120 distinct varieties. Among his most prized are the eccentric Super Gurken gummy pickles and a special 100th-anniversary packet of Haribo’s Goldbears, which he calls “a stone-cold classic.”

A century after they were invented by Haribo in Bonn, Germany, gummy bears remain a sweet, squishy source of joy. But the world of gummies has expanded far beyond that company, into countless corners of modern life.

There are gummy versions of sushi and of interlocking blocks that work like Legos. Gummies have wiggled their way into the wellness industry via gummy supplements, an extension of the gummy vitamins that became popular in the 1990s. These are not to be confused with the so-called “better-for-you” gummies that are marketed as candy, but made with added fiber, less sugar, or pectin instead of animal-based gelatin.

Others are boozy gummies, containing small shots of cocktails. Further enhancing the party mood are gummy-inspired kitsch-like strings of bear-shaped lights and inflatable pool floats. Social media platforms are rife with taste tests, DIY recipes, and even a catalog of catchy theme songs.

“Gummies are the most popular kind of candy,” said Marcia Mogelonsky, a director of insight at the marketing analysis firm Mintel Food & Drink. “It’s not surprising that they are turning up everywhere else. They have a certain resonance. It’s one of those nostalgic things.”

It’s also probably a far cry from what candy maker Hans Riegel had in mind in 1922, when he adapted a recipe for fruit-flavored pastilles to create the first gummy bear (or Gummibär, German for “rubber bear”) for his nascent sweets company, Haribo. The densely chewy, gelatin-based gummies were modeled after real-life dancing bears, a form of entertainment at the time, and later rebranded as Goldbears.

But gummy candy did not take off in the US until the 1980s.

In 1981, the Herman Goelitz Candy Co. (later renamed Jelly Belly) introduced the first American-made gummy bear. A year later, Haribo set up its first distribution center in the US. The Indiana-based company Albanese unleashed its famously soft bears in 1983 and soon, gummies abandoned the bear altogether — cue Trolli’s writhing worms and the Sour Patch Kids from Mondelez.

In 1985, the medieval-themed adventures of the Gummi family in Disney’s animated series “Adventures of the Gummi Bears” solidified the candy in the American pop-culture canon — as the theme song put it, “bouncing here and there, and everywhere.”

The pandemic has been a boon for candy makers, as customers turn to the comfort of an inexpensive sugar rush. Sales of chewy candy in the US, which includes gummies, hit $4.6 billion in 2021, a nearly 15 percent increase from the previous year, according to the market research company IRI. The nation also led the world in gummy sales, followed by China and Germany, according to data from Euromonitor.

Gummy fandom is decidedly cross-cultural. And even within the US, there are an array of regional adaptations.

Ashley Garza recalls her teenage years in the Rio Grande Valley in Texas, when she ate commercial gummy bears in raspas, a shaved-ice dessert, and as dulces enchilados, a Mexican American snack of chamoy- and chile-coated candies. “When I was in high school, people were selling little Ziploc bags of gummy bears with chamoy,” she said.

Garza, 30, was a grocery clerk at the start of the pandemic, but facing mounting bills, she started a candy company called Texas Chile Dulceria with her boyfriend, Adrian Martinez, 28. He hand-mixes the candy, which includes sweet bears and mouth-puckering sour belts. Each batch starts with a generous drizzle of chamoy, followed by a liberal shower of tart chile seasoning.

Elizabeth Schmitt, 37, a self-professed gummy fanatic, owns the candy company Ruby Bond, in Atlanta. “Gummy candy is so nostalgic,” she said. “It reminds me of simpler times.’

She layers various shapes onto acrylic trays to make candy “charcuterie.” In one of her most popular arrangements, bears are squished alongside an ombré rainbow of stars, butterflies, and other springy creatures.

She has an abundance of choices: oozy jelly-filled shapes, super-sour chews, and foamy, marshmallowy creations. She leans toward the softer varieties with vivid colors.

“Not all gummy candies are created equal,” she said.

Novelty candy shops across the US and online are treasure troves for more extreme takes, from one bear that weighs in at about 5 pounds to a scorchingly spicy counterpart that reaches 9 million units on the Scoville scale.

Jessica Stevenson, 34, owns a candy shop called Hello, Sweets with her husband, Tyler, in Tonawanda, New York. The couple sometimes post videos of their favorite candy to social media, spurring intense debates in the comments section over issues like the merits of a rigorous chew versus a supple one.

“Everybody has very strong opinions about candy,” Stevenson said

TikTok is a rabbit hole of gummy candy ephemera. The platform’s subculture known as Candytok is full of videos in which gummies are poured into a container on an endless loop. One such video that Stevenson posted to her store’s account in 2021 shows a pile of brightly colored bears noisily tumbling into a metal bowl in a gleaming heap. As of Monday, it had more than 660,000 views.

TikTok’s audience skews young, a reminder that gummy bears were originally fashioned to appeal to children. Adults, Stevenson said, tend to be pickier and a little more obsessive about their candy.

The physical qualities of gummy candies — their tenderness and the soothing sound as they are chewed — might serve as a cushion for the hard-edged realities of adult life.

Beverley, the collector in Newfoundland, has finally started to dip into his stash. Unlike sharing his music and movie collections with friends, he said, opening a bag of candy is more likely to elicit a smile. He likes to dole out bags of Goldbears or Sour Cherries to neighbors, co-workers — or anyone, really.

“There’s a joy in collecting it,” he said, “and there’s also a joy in sharing it.”
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