Electricity coverage ratio in Kingdom reaches 99.9% of population

high voltage electricity towers
(File photo: Jordan News)
AMMAN — The electricity coverage ratio in the Kingdom has reached 99.9 percent of the population, while also being named one of the few countries in the region with high coverage rates, reflecting progress and development through electricity consumption.اضافة اعلان

Since gaining independence, the Jordanian electricity sector has experienced significant development, characterized by availability, quality, and sustainability.

This progress is attributed to the various components of the Jordanian electricity system, including generation, transmission, and distribution systems.

Regulating energy in the KingdomAligned with the Kingdom's vision to keep pace with rapid developments in the sector, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources adopts a balanced approach to regulate the energy sector, considering all relevant stakeholders.

As a natural outcome of this balanced regulation, the electricity sector in the Kingdom has witnessed advancements in electricity generation, resulting in an increased maximum load of the electricity system in 2022.

The generated electrical capacity reached 22,545.7 gigawatts per hour, with a peak load of 4010 megawatts in the same year.

The Jordanian electricity system comprises major generation stations, transmission networks with voltages of 132 and 400 kilovolts, connecting stations to load centers across the Kingdom.

Additionally, a 400-kV interconnection line with Syria and a 400-kV submarine cable linking the Jordanian and Egyptian grids are integral parts of the system.

Furthermore, there is a national control center and distribution networks supplying electricity to the population, along with distribution companies catering to different regions of the Kingdom.

Who uses the most electricity?According to the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, the increasing demand for electricity in Jordan is driven by rising consumption across all sectors.

Residential and public buildings consume 48 percent of the electricity, followed by the industrial sector at 21 percent, the commercial and hotel sector at 15 percent, and the agricultural sector and water pumping at 14 percent. Street lighting accounts for 2 percent of the total electrical energy.

To ensure additional sources of electricity generation during continuous or anticipated shortages, the ministry is diversifying local sources of generation. Currently, natural gas comprises 72 percent of the energy mix, renewable energy sources account for 27 percent, and other sources contribute 1 percent.

Renewable energy sources play a crucial and sustainable role in Jordan's electricity generation. As of 2022, the total installed capacity of projects selling electricity to power companies, as well as renewable energy projects owned by subscribers using net metering and cross-border transmission, reached 2576.8 megawatts.

The third and final source of domestic electricity generation in Jordan is the direct burning of oil shale, implemented by the Attarat Power Company to generate 470 megawatts.

The first unit of the power plant commenced full-capacity operation in 2022 (235 megawatts), while commercial operation tests are ongoing for the second unit.

The ministry is also responsible for implementing various projects to provide electricity to rural areas, based on approved segments within and outside the regulated boundaries since 1992. By the end of 2022, approximately 906,499 beneficiaries were connected at a total cost of about JD202 million.

Since 2013, the ministry has been implementing projects to install off-grid solar energy systems for individual households in remote areas and for water pumping from remote wells.

These projects are funded through the Rural Electrification Fund, benefitting a total of 186 sites at a cost of JD952,612.

Furthermore, since 2019, the ministry has implemented projects to install grid-connected solar energy systems.

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